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Thursday, January 2, 2014
HEER WARIS SHAH
English: Name Plate heer Ranjha (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The poet Waris Shah was born in the first quarter of the eighteenth century in Jandiala Sher Khan Sheikhupura Punjab (Mughal India, now Pakistan). His fathers name was Gulsher Khan . His parents are believed to have passed away when he was very young. Waris Shah himself claimed to be a disciple of Pir Makhdoom of Kas. It is thought that he completed his education at Pir Makhdooms shrine, following which he moved to Malka Hans . He resided in a small room, next to a local mosque. There he passed away in c. 1798.
His Legacy: His poetry has a very respected position in the Punjabi Literature (both in Pakistan and India). It contains a treasure of phrases, sayings, and idioms of the Punjabi language. His most popular work is Heer (or Heer Waris Shah), a story of love between Heer and Ranjha . Other writers have also written Heer, but his work is considered the best. He finished Heer in 1766, and it is believed to be a true story which took place in the 16th Century CE. His Mausoleum today is a place of pilgrimage for many.
Malka Hans today is a small town today just South of Okara in District Pakpattan, Punjab, Pakistan. Pakpattan itself has the mausoleum of Baba Fariduddin Ganjshakar , a respected Sufi, and one of the 15 Sikh Bhagats, whose works are included in the Guru Granth Sahib. Khawaja Nizamuddin Auliya was his disciple (murid).
Waris Shahs hujra (a small room) and the adjacent mosque still exist.
The Singar: Muhammad Iqbal Bahu has been singing on Radio and TV in Pakistan for more than 30 years now. He initially gained popularity by singing Sufi poetry of Sultan Bahu . Saif-ul Malook and Heer Waris Shah sung by him is also very popular.